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Social Network Theories  

2007-03-16 11:19:41|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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来自http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/tse-portal/analysis/social-network-analysis/

准备先一个一个搞清楚

Theories Theoretical Mechanisms
Theories of self-interest Theory of Social capital Strength of Weak Ties Theory Transaction Cost Economics  Investments in opportunities Control of information flow Minimize the cost of transactions  
Theories of mutual self-interest and collective action Public Goods Theory Critical Mass Theory  Inducements to contribute Number of people with resources and interests
Exchange and Dependency theories Social Exchange Theory Resource Dependency Theory Exchange of valued resources (material or information)
Contagion theories Social Information Processing theory Social Cognitive Theory Institutional Theory Structural Theory of Action Exposure or contact leading to: Social influence Imitation, modeling, learning Mimetic behavior Similar positions in structure and roles
Cognitive theories Semantic Networks Knowledge Structures Cognitive Social Structures Cognitive Consistency Cognitive mechanisms leading to: Shared interpretations Knowledge transfer Similarity in perceptual structures Drive to restore balance
Homophily theories Social Comparison Theory Social Identity Theory  Choose similar others for comparison Choose categories to define one's own group identity
Theories of proximity Physical proximity Electronic proximity    Influence of distance Influence of accessibility
Theories of uncertainty reduction Uncertainty reduction theory  Contingency theory  Reduce uncertainty by communicating  Reduce uncertainty in environment 
Social support theories Providing instrumental, emotional, and material support from the network 

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